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Facet Joint Syndrome

Informative post: Facet Joint Syndrome #lowbackpain #badminton #dancers #gymnastics

Low back pain (LBP) is the most common musculoskeletal condition affecting the adult population, with a prevalence of up to 84%.

Lumbar facet joints/ zygapophyseal joints constitute a common source of pain, accounting for 15–45% of LBP. The facet joints are a essentially a set of plane types of joints between the supporting pillars of all your vertebrae. (1)

Reviews implicate them as the primary pain generator in 10–15% of young adult patients with chronic Low Back Pain and higher in older populations (possibly due to degenerative changes). (1) Facet Joint Syndrome is also common amongst athletes whom exercise/sports place them in frequent spinal extension, e.g. badminton players (2), dancers (3), gymnasts (4).

Treatment such as spinal adjustments and tailored exercise programs for the back and trunk muscles can help manage Low Back Pain caused by Facet Joint Syndrome. (5)

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1) Perolat, R. et al. (2018) “Facet joint syndrome: From diagnosis to Interventional Management,” Insights into Imaging, 9(5), pp. 773–789. Available at: 2) Pardiwala DN, Subbiah K, Rao N, Modi R. Badminton Injuries in Elite Athletes: A Review of Epidemiology and Biomechanics. Indian J Orthop. 2020 Mar 10;54(3):237-245. doi: 10.1007/s43465-020-00054-1. PMID: 32399141; PMCID: PMC7205924. 3) Gottschlich LM, Young CC. Spine injuries in dancers. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2011 Jan-Feb;10(1):40-4. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e318205e08b. PMID: 21228650. 4) 5) Steven P. Cohen, Srinivasa N. Raja; Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Lumbar Zygapophysial (Facet) Joint Pain. Anesthesiology 2007; 106:591–614

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